Addendum I

John Chadbourn (1824-1891) and Mary Emsley (1840-1911)

(Forebears of the Chadbourns of Manitoba)


John Chadbourn was born May 16, 1824, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph and Martha Chadbourn of Hucknall Torkard, Nottinghamshire, England.

m1 John's first marriage was to Martha Smith, who was born in Leeds, Yorkshire about 1828. Martha died at age 31 in 1859. John and Martha had five children: 1- Elizabeth Chadborn; 2 - Martha Chadborn; 3 - Alfred Chadborn; 4 - Sarah Ann Chadborn; 5 - Charles Matthew Chadborn.

m2 John's second marriage was to Mary Emsley, who was born May 13, 1840 in Ripon, North Yorkshire. John and Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn also had five children: 6 - John Chadbourn; 7- Dennis Chadbourn; 8 - Frances Chadbourn; 9 - Louisa Chadbourn; 10 - Joseph Eli Chadbourn, making a household of ten children for John and Mary. In the 1860s John and Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn emigrated with their first seven children, ranging in ages from infancy (Dennis) to age 15 (Elizabeth). They came to the Kincardine area in Ontario, Canada, where John's brother Dennis operated a foundry. Fanny Chadbourn's birth in the USA about 1865 (1881 Census for Ontario) implies that the family came to Canada via the USA and that they made the voyage the year Fanny was born. The fact that Louisa, born about 1869, was the first child born in Ontario, suggests that the family may have lived for some time in the USA before coming to Canada.

In 1868 John and his brother Dennis purchased two acres of land on the west side of Lot 31, Concession 6, Kincardine Township on which they built a mill that served as both a grist mill and a sawmill. Four years later John purchased the north half of Lot 31 on Conc.7 on which he established a residence. The family lived there until 1892, when Joseph Eli, a son of Mary and John, purchased it. Joseph and his wife Margaret lived there until 1953, when they moved west. The 1881 Census for Kincardine Township states that John was a Mill Owner. John operated a sawmill situated on the original two acres purchased by John and Dennis in 1868. The mill was probably located on a branch of the most easterly reach of the north Penetangore River that eventually flowed into Lake Huron at Kincardine. The homesteads of both John and his brother Dennis, were situated close to St. Matthews Anglican Church in Kingarf, which both families attended.

1881 Census for Kincardine, Bruce South, Ontario

John Chadburn, age 55, born in England, Mill Owner, Weslyan Methodist
Mary Chadburn, age 40, born in England, Weslyan Methodist
Martha Chadburn, age 26, born in England, Weslyan Methodist
Alfred Chadburn, age 25, born in England, Farmer, Weslyan Methodist
Sarah Chadburn, age 23, born in England, Weslyan Methodist
Charles Chadburn, age 21, born in England, Farmer, Weslyan Methodist
John Chadburn, age 20, born in England, son, Weslyan Methodist
Dennis Chadburn, age 18, born in England, Son, Weslyan Methodist
Fanny Chadburn, age 16, born in USA, Weslyan Methodist
Louise Chadburn, age 12, born in Ontario, Weslyan Methodist
Joseph Chadburn, age 6, born in Ontario, Weslyan Methodist

John Chadbourn, born about 1826 in Nottinghamshire, England, died in Kincardine Township, Ontario on Oct. 31, 1891 at age 65.

The 1901 Ontario Census for Kincardine lists Joseph (Eli), 25, Dennis, 35, and their mother, Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn, 60, living in their Kincardine Township home, next to the John Stringer family.

Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn, born May 13, 1840 in England, died nineteen years after her husband, on March 18, 1911 in Kincardine Twp., age 70. The graves of Mary (Emsley) and John Chadbourn, as well as two of their children and a grandchild, are in Kincardine Cemetery.

Anglican Parish Registers for Kingarf, stored on microfiche at Huron College, London, Ont., list the burials of John Chadbourn in 1891 and of Mary Emsley Chadbourn, his widow, Kincardine Twp. in 1911. They had ten children (five from John's first marriage and five from the marriage of John and Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn).

Children of John and Mary (Elmsley) Chadbourn

1 - Elizabeth Chadbourn, born about 1851 in Yorkshire, England, was the eldest child in the large family of John and Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn. Elizabeth was about nine years old when her father married Mary Emsley and 14 when her family emigrated to North America. On March 7, 1872 Elizabeth, age 22, married 23-year-old Kincardine blacksmith William John Davey, who was born in Canada in 1849, the son of Kincardine blacksmith William Wakeham Davey (1819-1907) and Ann Browning (1820-1889), natives of Cornwall, England. Witnesses at the marriage were John McDougal of Kincardine and Martha Chadburn, Kincardine Township. (Marriage Record, Vol. 18, pg. 369

William John Davey had a short life. He died at age 25 on Jan. 16, 1874 (Canada Death Record) and was buried in Kincardine Cemetery, plot 771. William Wakeham Davey and Ann Browning had three sons:
       William John Davey (1849-1874), blacksmith, married Elizabeth Chadburn, died at age 25
        Thomas Davey (1851-1876) died at age 25
        Richard Browning Davey (b.1859) was a clerk
        Omema Ann Davey (b. 1876; died in infancy) (Toil, Tears and Triumph, page 349) 

William Wakeham Davey was the son of William Bonny Davey (born 1781) and Mary Wakeham (married Nov. 1807) 
 
Some features of Elizabeth’s life pose a mystery, primarily because of puzzling information on the 1881 Census, which indicates that Elizabeth is married and that her two children, ages 7 and 5, were born in England. (These surprising statements may have resulted from confusion or misunderstandings.)

1881 Census for Kincardine, Bruce South, Ontario
Elizabeth Davey, age 30, head of household, married, born in England, Methodist Canada
Thomas Davey, age 7, born in England, Methodist Canada
Maud Davey, age 5, born in England, Methodist Canada

  The 1906 Census for Brandon District, Manitoba shows
                "Maud Davie, Niece, single, age 23," in the household of her uncle, John Chadbourne,
                 who was homesteading in Manitoba. (Maud would actually have been 30 years old in 1906)
 
2 - Martha Chadbourn was born in England about 1855.

3 - Alfred Chadbourn, born in England in Oct.1856, was about nine years old when his family emigrated to North America. Alfred grew up in Kincardine Township, but in the early 1900s Alfred and three of his brothers were attracted to the Canadian West by government advertisements of "free" land.

"Under the Dominion Lands Policy, 160 acres cost only $10, but the homesteader had to build a house, often of log or sod, and cultivate a specific area within 3 years. A new homesteader required basic agricultural implements, and since horses were expensive, most used oxen to clear and break the land. A fireguard to protect farm buildings had to be ploughed, and a vegetable garden planted and game hunted to supplement the food supply. If the water was of poor quality, homesteaders had to collect rainwater or melt snow...For many the price of homesteading was too high; they cancelled their claims and moved away. (The Canadian Encyclopedia, Second Edition, Vol.2, p.1003)

Alfred and his brothers Charles, John and Dennis, accompanied by their sister Sarah and niece Maud Davie (Davey), homesteaded in the Brandon District in Manitoba. The 1906 Census shows Alfred, age 49, head of a household of four hired men, living in house # 83. His brother John and niece Maud Davey were living in the adjacent house (# 82).

Notes added by James C. CLARK:
Alfred Chadbourn homesteaded N1/2 of Township 28, District #11, Page 23, Line W1
Charles M. Chadbourn homesteaded N1/4 of Township 5, District 11, Page 23, Line W1
John Chadbourn homesteaded SW1/4 of Township 32, District 11, Page 23, Line W1

Alfred's homesteading experience may not have been successful, for in the 1911 Census for Brandon, Manitoba, Alfred Chadbourn, "uncle," age 54, single, was living in the household of Thomas and Elizabeth (Chadbourn) Stewart and their five sons: George Stewart, age 8; Herbert Stewart, age 5; Percy Stewart, age 3; James Stewart, age 2; and Alfred Stewart, age six months. (Actually, Alfred was a first cousin to Lil (Chadbourn) Stewart, Lil's father, Dennis, and Alfred's father, John, being brothers.)

4 - Sarah Ann Chadbourn, born in England about 1858, was about eight years old when the family emigrated to North America. Sarah Ann grew up in Kincardine Township, but in the early 1900s Sarah Ann and four of her brothers took up homesteading in the Brandon District in Manitoba. The 1906 Census shows Sarah, age 48, single, living in the household of her brother Charles and his wife and their four children (below).

5 - Charles M. Chadbourn, born in England about 1860, was about six years old when his family emigrated to North America. Charles grew up in Kincardine Township, but in the early 1900s Charles, three of his brothers, their sister Sarah and niece Maud Davey homesteaded in the Brandon District in Manitoba. The 1906 Census lists Chas Chadburn, age 46, his sister Sara Ann, age 48, and wife Cynthy C., age 34, and their two children, ages 3 and 1.

Five years later the 1911 Census shows "Chas. Chadbourg," age 52, head of a household consisting of Charles' 55-year-old sister Sarah Ann "Chadbourg," his wife Cynthia C., age 39, and their four children, ages 8 months to 8 years. Charles and Cynthia C. Chadbourn had at least four children:

          (1) Alf Lewis Chadburn b.1903
          (2) Elisabeth S. Chadburn b. 1905
          (3) Charles F. Chadbourg b. 1907
          (4) Dorothy Chadbourg b. 1910

6 - John Chadbourn, born in England about 1861, was about five years old when his family emigrated to North America. John grew up in Kincardine Township, but in the early 1900s John, three of his brothers and their sister Sarah homesteaded in the Brandon District in Manitoba. The 1906 Census shows John, age 46, single, head of a household consisting of two hired men and his niece Maud Davie, single, age 23. (Maud Davey would actually have been 30 years old in 1906)

7 - Dennis Chadbourn, born in England in 1863 (1881 Census for Kincardine) was about five years old when his family emigrated to North America. Dennis, his brothers and sisters, grew up in Kincardine Township. In the early 1900s his brothers Alfred, Charles and John and their sister Sarah took up the challenge of homesteading in the Brandon District in Manitoba. Dennis may have joined them, although birth dates registered on the 1911 Brandon, Manitoba Census for Dennis differ by as much as seven years from those on the 1881 Kincardine Census. The 1911 Brandon Census shows Dennis Chadbourn, head of a household consisting of two domestics, Joshua and Alice Roland and their son Joshua S. Roland, age 4, in addition to himself.

8 - Frances (Fanny) Chadbourn, born in the U.S.A. about 1865, died at age 33 in Chicago on Oct. 23, 1897. (Burial records for St. Matthews Church list her death as May 26, 1896.) Her grave is in Kincardine Cemetery.

9 - Louisa Chadbourn, born in Ontario in 1869, married James Craig. At least one child:

          (1) Emsley L. Craig, born Jan.11, 1896, died at age 3 months and is buried
               in Kincardine Cemetery.

10 - Joseph Eli Chadbourn was born in Ontario on Sept. 28, 1875. In 1892 Joseph purchased from his parents John and Mary (Emsley) Chadbourn. the property on which John had operated a grist and saw mill shortly after his arrival in Canada – the north half of Lot 31, Conc.7 Kincardine Twp., Bruce County, Ontario. Joseph married Margaret Lonsdale. Joseph Eli and Margaret Chadbourn lived on lot 31, Kincardine Twp., but also purchased the adjoining lot 32 in 1911. When Joseph and Margaret moved west, some time after 1911, they rented out their property until 1953, when it was sold to Russel and Mary McConnell (Toil, Tears &Triumph).

Apparently Joseph Eli and Margaret did not join Joseph’s brothers in homesteading in the Brandon District of Manitoba. Jaye Carnahan, a descendant of Joseph Eli, informs us (via e-mail) that they went further west, to Hannah, Alberta, where they ran the Hannah General Store. An article provided by the Hanna Alliance Church mentions "Chadbourn’s store," listing 1937 prices of various food items. (hanna.ca/history)

Baptismal records for St. Matthews Anglican Church, Kingarf reveal that Thomas (Ball) Chadbourne, "adopted son of Joseph Eli Chadbourne," was baptized March 1, 1901. Jaye Carnahan states that Jaye's mother "immediately recognized the name (Thomas Ball) and suggested that it would have been Joseph Eli's nephew, and she believes that he eventually went by "Crosby." Thomas was probably the son of Joseph Eli's eldest sister, Elizabeth (See 1 - Elizabeth above). Thomas would have been 27 in 1901, at the time of the baptism. Perhaps Thomas, or his uncle, felt it was important that he be baptized before leaving for Manitoba. A "Thomas Davey" age 30, born July 25, 1870, is listed as "lodger" on the 1901 Census for Brandon District, Manitoba. If this Thomas was the adopted son of Joseph Eli, he apparently did not remain there permanently, as Jaye Carnahan mentions that he worked with Joseph Eli and Margaret in the General Store in Hannah, Alberta.

Margaret (Lonsdale) and Joseph Eli Chadbourn had three children, all born in Alberta:

(1) Mary Elmsley Chadbourn

(2) Jack Robert Chadbourn

(3) Dennis Joseph Chadbourn


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this page was last updated, May 09, 2010